Egypt – linking northeast Africa with the Middle East, dates back to the time of the Pharaohs. The Millennia-old monuments still sit along the fertile Nile River Valley, including the colossal Pyramids and Sphinx at Giza, hieroglyph-lined Karnak Temple and Valley of the Kings tombs in Luxor.
Stretching from the Suez Canal in the north to Sudan in the south, the Red Sea is some 1,250 kilometers long and flanked with superb beaches, mountains and deserts. The Western Desert, which extends to Libya on the west, Sudan on the south and the Nile on its east, is a vast expanse that covers approximately two thirds of the country. It makes for an adventurous holiday for intrepid travellers. The only sensible way to get to see this arid part of Egypt is by an organised trek.
An ascent of Mount Sinai – where Moses received the Ten Commandments – is not for the faint-hearted, but it’s hard to beat the incredible sense of achievement and sensational views when you reach the summit.
The capital, Cairo, is home to many Ottoman landmarks such as the Muhammad Ali Mosque.
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